Plant - spring
Indian Gardens, Oak Creek Canyon
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants
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Plant - summer
Crescent Moon Ranch, Sedona
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Leaves and seed pods
Crescent Moon Ranch, Sedona
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Indian Gardens, Oak Creek Canyon
Plant Description

Origin: Introduced
General Description: Deciduous. Introduced fast-growing, medium sized tree with broad, rounded or forked crown of spreading branches. Grows in moist soils of open areas such as roadsides and clearings. Trunk generally not straight, up to 2 feet in diameter. Native of southeastern US.
Height: 40 feet     Width: 20 to 30 feet


Plant Communities: Riparian
Elevation: Not determined

Flower Characteristics

Color: White   Shape: Bell-shaped in clusters     Tubular: N   Flowering Period: Jun - Jul
Description: Has 2 very showy, yellow or orange stripes and purplish brown spots & stripes inside the flower. Has 5 rounded, unequal, fringed lobes to 1-1/2 inches long and wide, arranged in bell-shaped, branched upright clusters to 10 inches long; slightly fragrant

Leaf Characteristics

Leaf Color: Green   Type: Simple   Shape: Triangular   Margin: Smooth   Attachment: Opposite   Hairs: N
Description: Dull green above, paler green and hairy beneath; ovate or heart-shaped, pointed at tip; 5 to 10 inches long and 4 to 7 inches wide. 3 at a node whorled and opposite. Notched at base without teeth. Pinnately veined.
Spines: N

Fruit Characteristics

Color: Dark brown   Type: Capsule   Description: Flattened seeds with 2 papery, fringed wings encased in a distinctive 6 to 12 inches long cigar-like or bean-like, narrow, cylindrical, thin-walled, capsule 5/16 to 3/8 inch in diameter. Seeds mature in autumn but capsule may remain attached over winter

Bark Characteristics

Bark Color: Brownish-gray   Bark Texture (Mature): Scaly   Bark and Branch Description: Bark is separated into irregular shallow fissures with scales. Twigs are stout and change color from green to brown. No terminal buds. Lateral buds are small and covered with overlapping scales.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 3.1  
Last Updated: June 15, 2013  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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