Plant - spring
Verde River, Bridgeport
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants
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Plant - winter
Sedona area
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Leaves and berries
Hartwell Canyon, NW of Sedona
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Sedona area
Plant Description

Origin: Native
General Description: Evergreen. Small shrubby tree with bright red berries and open, irregular crown of spreading branches. Trunk diameter to 8 inches. Lower branches originate near the ground level. Habitats include desert grasslands, dry foothills and mountains.
Height: 16 feet     Width: 10 feet


Plant Communities: Interior Chaparral, Semidesert Grasslands, Pinyon Juniper Woodland
Elevation: 4000 - 6500 feet

Similar Species: Var. coahuilensis Martinez

Flower Characteristics

Color: Pale yellow or pale green   Shape: Inconspicuous in round clusters     Tubular: N   Flowering Period: Sep - Oct
Description: Dioecious. Males are small pale yellow in large clusters at ends of twigs. Females are small, round pale green.

Leaf Characteristics

Leaf Color: Gray-green   Type: Scales   Shape: Other   Margin: Other   Attachment: Other   Hairs: N
Description: Scale-like. In 4 rows forming 4 angled twigs. 1/16 inch long.
Spines: N

Fruit Characteristics

Color: Bright red   Type: Cone or cone-like   Description: Round and 5/16 inch in diameter. Hardens at maturity. One seed per fruit which matures in one growing season and disperses in the fall.

Bark Characteristics

Bark Color: Reddish-brown or gray   Bark Texture (Mature): Shreddy or peeling   Bark and Branch Description: Furrowed and scaly. Twigs are stout and somewhat angular with reddish brown color.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 3.1  
Last Updated: June 15, 2013  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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