F. H. Miller @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants
line decor
Home Plant Communities Plant List Search Forbs Search Grasses Search Woody Plants, Succulents, Cacti Additional Resources About this Website
line decor

Plant Description

Origin: Native
General Description: Evergreen. Grows slowly. Nearly always multi-trunked and more shrub-like than other junipers with open round crown and limbs well hidden. by lower branches. Many limbs arise from ground level. Found on dry hills and mesas.
Height: 25 feet     Width: 8 feet


Plant Communities: Interior Chaparral, Semidesert Grasslands, Pinyon Juniper Woodland
Elevation: 3000 - 7000 feet

Similar Species: Juniperus pinchotii, Juniperus erythrocarpa

Flower Characteristics

Color: Yellow or green   Shape: Inconspicuous in clusters     Tubular: N   Flowering Period: Apr
Description: Dioecious. Males are small pale yellow in large clusters at ends of twigs; females are small, round pale green.

Leaf Characteristics

Leaf Color: Yellow-green   Type: Scales   Shape: Other   Margin: Other   Attachment: Opposite   Hairs: N
Description: Small, compact, pointed and scale-like to 1/16 inch long. Most are tight and crowded on the twig in opposite pairs resulting in a slightly square twig. On vigorous shoots a few are awl-like and point away from the twig.
Spines: N

Fruit Characteristics

Color: Coppery-red   Type: Berry-like   Description: Pea size berry-like round cones to 1/4 inch in diameter. Coppery-red at maturity and covered with a bluish waxy substance. One to two seeds per berry. Stays soft and juicy at maturity.

Bark Characteristics

Bark Color: Gray to brown   Bark Texture (Mature): Shreddy or peeling   Bark and Branch Description: Scaly with very irregular furrows and exfoliating ridges. Peeling, shreddy and fibrous. Trunk to 1 foot in diameter. Reddish brown twigs moderately stout and somewhat angular.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 3.1  
Last Updated: June 15, 2013  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
Legal Disclaimer