Plant - spring
Schnebly Hill Road, E of Sedona
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants
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Plant - winter
Oak Creek Cyn
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West Fork of Oak Creek
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Red Rock State Park
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Flowers and leaves
West Fork of Oak Creek
Plant Description

Origin: Native
General Description: Evergreen. Grows as a tree up to 80 feet and as a dense shrub up to 15 feet. Has a short trunk, 1 to 3 feet in diameter with large, horizontal, spreading branches and a rounded, broad crown. Slow growing. Habitat is canyons on sandy, gravelly and rocky slopes.
Height: 15 to 80 feet     Width: 10 to 40 feet


Plant Communities: Interior Chaparral, Pinyon Juniper Woodland, Montane Conifer Forest
Elevation: 5500 - 7500 feet

Similar Species: Quercus dunnii

Flower Characteristics

Color: Yellow   Shape: Inconspicuous in elongated clusters     Tubular: N   Flowering Period: Apr - May
Description: Monoecious. Male flowers occur in catkins. Female flowers occur in solitary state or in short spikes appearing with the leaves.

Leaf Characteristics

Leaf Color: Dark green   Type: Simple   Shape: Round or Oval   Margin: Toothed   Attachment: Alternate   Hairs: Bottom of leaves
Description: Oblong to elliptical, thick and leathery, flat and 1 to 3 1/2 inches long. Tip is pointed. Margins may be smooth or toothed on the same branch. Dark green and shiny above while lower surfaces are paler, grayish, and covered with a yellow hairs.
Spines: N

Fruit Characteristics

Color: Light brown   Type: Acorn or acorn-like   Description: An elongated, egg shaped acorn with a shallow, scaly cap and 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches long. Requires 2 to 3 seasons to mature. Matures between August and October.

Bark Characteristics

Bark Color: Gray or grey-brown   Bark Texture (Mature): Smooth   Bark and Branch Description: Mostly smooth but may develop small, tight scales with age. Twigs are slender, rigid or flexible. Fuzzy when young but becoming smooth with age.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 3.1  
Last Updated: June 15, 2013  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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