Plant - spring
Sedona area
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants
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Sedona area
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Flowers and leaves
Oak Creek Cyn
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Gaddis Canyon, W of Camp Verde
Plant Description

Origin: Native
General Description: Evergreen. Thicket-forming small tree or shrub with several small trunks. Trunk to 4 inches in diameter. Habitat includes dry slopes and canyons in chaparral and pinyon-juniper woodland.
Height: 20 feet     Width: 20 feet


Plant Communities: Interior Chaparral, Pinyon Juniper Woodland
Elevation: 3500 - 7000 feet

Similar Species: Quercus chrysolepis

Flower Characteristics

Color: Yellow   Shape: Inconspicuous in elongated clusters     Tubular: N   Flowering Period: Apr - May
Description: Very small. Males show as drooping clusters while females are short spikes.

Leaf Characteristics

Leaf Color: Olive green   Type: Simple   Shape: Round or Oval   Margin: Toothed   Attachment: Alternate   Hairs: N
Description: Stiff, leathery, and brittle. Edges are wavy with sharp spine-teeth. Upper surface is shiny, waxy, and olive green in color. Lower surface is gray-green and coated with glandular hairs.
Spines: Y

Fruit Characteristics

Color: Light brown   Type: Acorn or acorn-like   Description: Acorns are egg-shaped to 1-1/2 inches long with an oversized cup and coated with golden hairs. Matures after two years.

Bark Characteristics

Bark Color: Gray or brown   Bark Texture (Mature): Scaly   Bark and Branch Description: Can be smooth or scaly.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 3.1  
Last Updated: June 15, 2013  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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