Plant Image
Flower head
Grapevine Canyon - SS

Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

Dracocephalum parviflorum - American dragonhead

Synonyms: Moldavica parviflora
Other Common Names: dragonhead
Plant Form: Forb

Family: Lamiaceae

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Flower head
Grapevine Canyon
Grapevine Canyon
Plant - spring
Grapevine Canyon
Forb Plant Description

Origin: Native   Life Cycle: Biennial or annual
General Desc: Solitary or clustered stems arise from a taproot and are 6 to 32 inches tall. Leaves are coarsely serrate and flowers are crowded in a dense terminal or axillary cluster at the tip of the stems. This plant can also be a short-lived perennial.
Height: 8-30 inches


Habitat Description: Open, moist sites and disturbed areas. Limy, rocky soil.
Plant Communities: Interior Chaparral, Pinyon Juniper Woodland, Montane Conifer Forest, Riparian, Disturbed Areas
Elevation: 3500 - 8000 feet

Flower Characteristics

Color: Purple     Shape: Irregular in elongated clusters     Tubular: Y     Flowering Period: Jun - Aug
Description: The tiny flowers are 5-parted, 1/3 inch long and irregularly tube-shaped. The dense, conical, spike-like cluster is 1 to 5 inches tall at the top of the stem.

Leaf and Stem Characteristics

Leaf Color: Green     Leaf Type: Simple     Leaf Shape: Narrow     Leaf Margin: Toothed     Leaf Attachment: Opposite     Leaves Clasp: N
Hairs: Leaves and stems     Spines: N
Leaf Description: Light green, coarsly toothed leaves stand stiffly out in an open, airy pattern from an erect, thick, square stem.

Fruit and Seed Characteristics

Fruit Type: Nutlet
Fruit Notes: The fruits are 1-seeded nutlets.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 3.1  
Last Updated: June 15, 2013  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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