Plant Image
Flower stalk
Santa Maria River - SS

Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

Rumex hymenosepalus - canaigre dock

Plant Form: Forb

Family: Polygonaceae

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Leaves - underside
Santa Maria River
Santa Maria River
Plant - summer
Santa Maria River
Young plant - winter
Santa Maria River
Plant - summer
Santa Maria River
Forb Plant Description

Origin: Native   Life Cycle: Perennial
General Desc: A very large set of basal leaves are produced in the spring. The plant sends up a stout, conspicuous flower stalk covered with tiny pinkish green flowers, which are followed by showy, heart-shaped seed capsules that turn pink or red when mature.
Height: 2 - 4 feet


Habitat Description: Desert scrub, grasslands, riparian.
Plant Communities: Desert Scrub, Interior Chaparral, Semidesert Grasslands, Riparian, Disturbed Areas
Elevation: 1000 - 6000 feet

Flower Characteristics

Color: Pinkish-green     Shape: Irregular in elongated clusters     Tubular: N     Flowering Period: Feb - Jun
Description: Dense spike cluster, 12 inches long, pointed at the tip and widest in the middle. The spike is a cluster made up of many tiny flowers,each flower having heart-shaped sepals and petals.

Leaf and Stem Characteristics

Leaf Color: Dark green     Leaf Type: Simple     Leaf Shape: Round or Oval     Leaf Margin: Smooth     Leaf Attachment: Basal     Leaves Clasp: N
Hairs: Need value     Spines: N
Leaf Description: Leave are arching, tongue-shaped and have long stout stalks.

Fruit and Seed Characteristics

Fruit Color: Green turning red at maturity   
Fruit Type: Pod
Fruit Notes: 3-sided, heart-shaped winged capsule, 1/3 inch long.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 3.1  
Last Updated: June 15, 2013  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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