Plant Image
Flower heads
- ML

Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

Typha latifolia - Broadleaf cattail

Plant Form: Forb

Family: Typhaceae

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Forb Plant Description

Origin: Native   Life Cycle: Perennial   Similar Species: Typha angustifolia, Typha domingensis
General Desc: Large clumps of erect stems emerge above water in aquatic environments. Also can be found in wet terrestrial areas. Spreads by rhizomes.
Identification notes: Perennial grass-like plants with stap-like leaves up to 2 in. wide. Typically forming colonies. Emersed in fresh water or terrestrial. Inflorescence is a dense elongated brown spike.
Height: 5 - 9 feet


Habitat Description: Marshy areas in shallow water ponds and edges of lakes and streams.
Plant Communities: Riparian
Elevation: 3500 - 8200 feet

Flower Characteristics

Color: Yellow, brown     Shape: Other in elongated clusters     Tubular: N     Flowering Period: May - Sep
Description: Male flowers at top of club-like spikes, yellowish and minute, female flowers beneath male in brownish cylinder, bare space often between male and female flowers.

Leaf and Stem Characteristics

Leaf Color: Green     Leaf Type: Simple     Leaf Shape: Narrow     Leaf Margin: Smooth     Leaf Attachment: Whorl     Leaves Clasp: Y
Hairs: No     Spines: N
Leaf Description: Dark green, flat, erect, straplike, up to 9 feet long, 2 inches wide.

Fruit and Seed Characteristics

Fruit Color: Tan brown   
Fruit Type: Feathery
Fruit Notes: Exceeded by and hidden among pistil hairs, straw-colored, apex rounded. Achene, ellipsoid, 0.4 in. long.
Seed Notes: Numerous straw-colored seeds.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 3.1  
Last Updated: June 15, 2013  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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