Plant Image
Grapevine Canyon

Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

Viola canadensis - Canadian white violet

Other Common Names: Canada violet
Plant Form: Forb

Family: Violaceae

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Grapevine Canyon
Grapevine Canyon
Plant - spring
Grapevine Canyon
Young plant - spring
Grapevine Canyon
Forb Plant Description

Origin: Native   Life Cycle: Perennial
General Desc: One of the few "stalked" violets; flower rises from a stalk that originates from a leaf attachment, rather than the more typical basal flower stalk arrangement of most violets. One of the few violets that has fragrance.
Height: 8 to 16 inches


Habitat Description: Coniferous forests, rich moist soils.
Plant Communities: Montane Conifer Forest, Riparian
Elevation: 6000 - 11500 feet

Flower Characteristics

Color: White     Shape: Irregular not in clusters     Tubular: N     Flowering Period: Apr - Sep
Description: Typical violet-shaped flower with yellow centers, 3/4 to 1 inch wide, often tinged pink with age, sits on a slender purplish flower stalk; flowers stand above the leaves.

Leaf and Stem Characteristics

Leaf Color: Green     Leaf Type: Simple     Leaf Shape: Triangular     Leaf Margin: Toothed     Leaf Attachment: Basal and alternate     Leaves Clasp: N
Hairs: Stems     Spines: N
Leaf Description: Leaves are 1 to 3 inches wide, with pointed tips and bluntly toothed margins, on thin purplish stalks with sparse hairs.

Fruit and Seed Characteristics

No Fruit or seed notes

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 3.1  
Last Updated: June 15, 2013  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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